This thesis deals with the terminology of playing the guitar. It refers to both classical and electric form of the instrument. The most common phrases used for playing techniques are identified and compared to the terms used in Czech language. The aim is not only to analyze the differences between the Czech and English phraseology but also to describe the connection between the denotation and execution of the techniques. The thesis also compares different phrases used for each kind of instrument and traces the origins of the phrases as well as of the individual words.