By Uros Dojzivonic
The guitar is an increasingly present phenomenon on the scenes of contemporary music of former Yugoslav republics. It is by no means an exaggeration to say that today a large part of the creative and interpretative work being done in our music is focused on the expressive possibilities of this plucked-string instrument. The classical guitar has already had such a long history in all Ex-Yugoslav countries that no one would begrudge the place it occupies
On the contrary, besides the tragic political development, which finally caused a disappearance of Yugoslavia at the end of the 80′s, from both the theoretical and practical aspects, the appreciation for the guitar is still enjoying a marked upswing. But, before taking a brief look to the guitar history in former Yugoslavia, I feel the necessity of designating the general historical position of the space I will talk about. Parts of the Balkan Peninsula, in the southeast of Europe (later joining the country of Yugoslavia), were forced by different influences well as under various foreign authorities before 1918. The first idea of Yugoslav union was born during the XIX century, together with the appearance of capitalistic relations. In October of 1918 Croatia separated from Austria-Hungarian Monarchy, and during the Croatian Congress proclaimed the SCS-state (Serbia-Croatia-Slovenia state).
Together with Croatia, Serbia and Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, and Vojvodina joined the state, and this uniting was officially announced on December the 1st. In 1929 the state of Serbia- Croatia and Slovenia, changed the name and became Yugoslav kingdom, and the period between First and Second World War, today is called: the period of the First Yugoslav country. The Second Yugoslavia, ruled by president Tito, was acclaimed on November 29th 1945, soon after the Second World War, when the communists took the authority in the country. SFRJC (Socialistic Federated Republic of Yugoslavia), was formed of six republics (Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia), and two autonomic districts (Vojvodina and Kosovo with Metohije) in the constitution of Serbia. About ten years after Tito’s death in 1980, our multinational and multi-confessional confederacy fell apart. First Slovenia followed by Croatia, Bosnia with Herzegovina, Macedonia becoming the independent countries, while Serbia and Montenegro remained together, forming the SR Yugoslavia (Socialistic Republic of Yugoslavia), or as we ironically call the Third Yugoslavia).